How to Trade Natural Gas (UGAZ/DGAZ)

Jeff BishopJeff Bishop ·

Trading leveraged ETFs related to commodities can turn into a lucrative activity since you can easily track the potential demand/supply, and thus you can catch the trends. One of the main commodities that are of great interest to investors is the natural gas. In this post, we will discuss how to trade two leveraged ETFs that are indirectly related to natural gas – it’s about UGAZ (VelocityShares 3x Long Natural Gas) and DGAZ (VelocityShares 3x Inverse Natural Gas). Both UGAZ and DGAZ track the same underlying asset – UNG, which is a typical ETF called United States Natural Gas Fund and which tracks the price movements in natural gas.

You may have read already in our previous posts what the leveraged ETFs are. However, it’s our duty to emphasize that leveraged ETFs are much riskier than regular ETFs. In fact, you can think about these instruments as some of the riskiest ones in the long term. The good news is that you can confidently consider them in the short-term, because this is what they were made for – to amplify the performance of an underlying asset during short periods like one day.

How to trade UGAZ and DGAZ?

As discussed above, both UGAZ and DGAZ closely watch UNG.

The main objective of UGAZ (VelocityShares 3x Long Natural Gas) is to amplify the daily performance of UNG by three times or 300%. In other words, if UNG price raises 1%, UGAZ will generally show a daily gain of 3%. You should think about trading UGAZ when you a have bullish sentiment on UNG.

The main target of DGAZ (VelocityShares 3x Inverse Natural Gas) is to generate profits from the losses in the UNG fund. DGAZ will tend to inversely amplify the losses by three times or 300%. Thus, if UNG price falls by 1%, DGAZ should bring you a profit of 3%. Accordingly, you would consider this leveraged ETF when you have a bearish sentiment on the UNG fund.

As you could note, both UGAZ and DGAZ have 3:1 leverage, which can greatly increase your potential profit, but don’t forget – profit potential is directly proportional to the risks assumed.

Tracking UNG

If you want to trade UGAZ or DGAZ, it’s really important to keep an eye on the UNG fund, since it is actually the base ETF that drives both leveraged ETFs.

As I have mentioned above, UNG stands for the United States Natural Gas Fund, an ETF that was created to offer speculators exposure to natural gas. This is why you should initially analyze everything related to natural gas, like the EIA Natural Gas Report, the weather in the US, and so on.

Now, when talking about UNG, you should know that this is really a tricky exchange-traded fund. You might consider it for going short in the long term, but as soon as you plan to trade leveraged ETFs based on it, you can really consider both UGAZ and DGAZ in the short-term, but the accent should probably be on the latter, especially during transitions between the cold seasons to the warm seasons.

First of all, natural gas by itself is a very volatile commodity. Secondly, UNG is not directly related to natural gas in the real sense of it. Basically, UNG would not be a smart investment as it dropped by over 90% since its start. You can check this chart:

You can clearly see that the ETF lost the most part of its initial value. This is why you shouldn’t consider investing in UNG in the long term. Moreover, it doesn’t pay dividends, which is another serious drawback that investors should know. The main reason of this is because of the fact that UNG doesn’t keep stocks representing a sector, but uses future contracts and OTC swaps to catch and mimic the natural gas price.

Well, even if UNG is not a good investment per se, speculating with leveraged ETFs, such as the discussed UGAZ and DGAZ, would be a great idea. The short-term volatility is not affected by the long-term drop of the UNG fund. And you are not interested in dividends when keeping positions for up to several days.


Understanding the relationship between the UNG fund and its derived leveraged ETFs is the key to opening profitable positions. As we mentioned above, UGAZ amplifies the UNG gains, while DGAZ goes up when UNG drops in price. To make it easier for you, think about UGAZ like up-gaz and DGAZ like down-gaz.

Here is what it’s like on the chart:

You can see that UGAZ (yellow) tends to amplify the UNG (blue) percentage gains, while DGAZ (red) shows a mirrored image, by going up when UNG and consequently UGAZ drop and vice versa. If you pay attention to the percentage figures, you can see that the target of 300% is relatively maintained.

UNG prediction

There used to be a ratio of relatively 6 to 1 between the oil price and natural gas price. Whenever this relationship was distorted, the price tended to come back. This is because in the past, a barrel of oil had approximately the same price as six mcf (thousand cubic feet) of natural gas, and the energy output was equivalent. However, in the last years it seems this ratio does not work anymore. As of today, natural gas is almost 19 times cheaper than oil, and the general trend will probably keep its path for more years from now.

But what you should pay attention to is the seasonal change in the natural gas price, and here I mean the transition from the warm season to the cold season and vice versa. Take a look at this chart:

This chart shows how important the cold season is for natural gas demand. You can see that the price peaked in December and since then it went down hitting the support level.

You may find here and there sharp moves downwards, like the recent one from February 21, 2017. Now, why this happens? First of all, predicting the longer term natural gas price is tricky because it is heavily dependent on weather forecasts. For example, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the extremely warm winter this year resulted in lower demand for natural gas by 20%. So, weather forecast is very important when you trade natural gas or its related ETFs – in our case UGAZ and DGAZ. During this period of transition from the cold season to the warm season, you should be interested to pay more attention to DGAZ, which is like shorting the UNG fund, though you can still capture some quick wins in UGAZ as I’ve done with

If the weather forecast can directly influence the potential demand, you should also take note of the second factor – the change in natural gas supply. To do this, you have to check the weekly natural gas storage report presented by the US Energy Information Administration.

Both the EIA report and the weather forecast may give hints about the future direction of the natural gas price. However, keep in mind that UNG only tries to mimic the natural gas price, but it doesn’t necessarily mean that it does it successfully. You should always be ready for another UNG price collapse.

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